What Is Autism?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder most commonly involving problems with communication and social interactions. Children with ASD also often have abnormal behaviours, interests and play
ASD is an umbrella term that covers classic autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS) and Asperger’s syndrome. Up until 2013, these conditions were considered separate, but they are now all grouped under the autism spectrum.
It is important to know that no two children with ASD are exactly the same, although they may have similar problems. ASD can be mild, moderate or severe. The disorder is referred to as a spectrum because there is a wide range of features among people with ASD. Children with mild symptoms are sometimes referred to as ‘high functioning’.
ASD is a lifelong disorder with no cure. However, early intervention (therapy and support starting at an early age) can be very successful in helping children with ASD reaching their full potential.